Pivalopril (RHC 3659-(S); (S)-N-cyclopentyl-N-(2-methyl-3-pivaloylthiopropionyl) glycine) is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor with antihypertensive activity. Upon hydrolysis, the free SH metabolite of pivopril competitively binds to and inhibits ACE, thereby blocking the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II. This prevents the potent vasoconstrictive actions of angiotensin II and results in vasodilation. Pivopril also decreases angiotensin II-induced aldosterone secretion by the adrenal cortex, which leads to an increase in sodium excretion and subsequently increases water outflow. Pivalopril has been compared to captopril for oral angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition in rats and dogs and antihypertensive activity in rats. In separate groups of conscious normotensive rats, pivalopril (0.03-1.0 mg/kg, orally [p.o.]) produced a dose-related antagonism of angiotensin I (AngI)-induced pressor effects. The ED50 for pivalopriland captopril was 0.1 mg/kg. Pivalopril has being shown to be a potent, orally effective ACE inhibitor and antihypertensive agent. NCATS
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