Abacavir is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used for treatment of HIV infection (either alone or in combination with other antiviral drugs). It was shown that abacavir exerts its antiviral activity through its active metabolite, carbovir triphosphate. Carbovir triphosphate is a guanine analogue and a potent and selective inhibitor of viral reverse transcriptases. Upon administration, abacavir is first converted to abacavir monophosphate by ADK, then the monophosphate is deaminated to carbovir monophosphate, which is then anabolized by cellular kinases to carbovir diphosphate and then finally to carbovir triphosphate. Abacavir causes hypersensitivity reaction in patients with HLA-B*57:01 allele. NCATS
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