Active Ingredient History

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Proflavine is an acriflavine derivative used as a topical disinfectant agains gram-positive bacteria. Proflavine is toxic and carcinogenic in mammals and so it is used only as a surface disinfectant or for treating superficial wounds. Proflavine acts by interchelating DNA (intercalation), thereby disrupting DNA synthesis and leading to high levels of mutation in the copied DNA strands. This prevents bacterial reproduction. Proflavine was investigated for photodynamic theraphy of herpes but was discontinued due to several presentations of post-treatment Bowen's disease and higher lesion recrudescence periods. Proflavine is also investigated as a topical contrast agent for imaging and diagnosis of esophageal, oral, colon, cervical, uterine cancer and polyps.   NCATS

More Chemistry
2,8-diaminoacridine | 3,6-acridinediamine | 3,6-diaminoacridine | diaminoacridine | proflavin | proflavina | proflavine | proflavine hemisulfate | proflavine sulfate | proflavin hemisulfate | proflavin sulfate | proflavinum

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