Active Ingredient History

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Cephalothin is a first generation, semisynthetic analogue of natural cephalosporin antibiotic. The in-vitro bactericidal action of Cephalothin results from inhibition of cell-wall synthesis. In general, Cephalothin has higher activity against Gram positive than Gram negative organisms. Cephalothin is primarily indicated in conditions like bone and joint infection, genitourinary tract infections, respiratory tract infections, soft tissue and skin infections and others. The severe or irreversible adverse effects of Cephalothin, which give rise to further complications, include nephrotoxicity, hemolytic anemia. Cephalothin produces potentially life-threatening effects, which include anaphylaxis, serum sickness syndrome. The symptomatic adverse reactions produced by Cephalothin are: rashes, urticaria, allergic reactions, thrombophlebitis, pain at injection site. Co-administration of diuretics, such as furanthril, ethacrynic acid and nephrotoxic antibiotics may increase the risk of renal damage. Reciprocal inactivation could be observed during in vitro mixing of Cephalothin with aminoglycosides.   NCATS

  • SMILES: CC(=O)OCC1=C(N2[C@H](SC1)[C@H](NC(=O)Cc3cccs3)C2=O)C(=O)O
  • InChIKey: XIURVHNZVLADCM-IUODEOHRSA-N
  • Mol. Mass: 396.45
  • ALogP: 0.59
  • ChEMBL Molecules:
More Chemistry
38253 | 3-acetoxymethyl-7-(2-thienylacetamido)-3-cephem-4-carboxylic acid | 7-(2-thienylacetamido)cephalosporanic acid | 7-(2'-thienylacetamido)cephalosporanic acid | 7-(thiophene-2-acetamido)cephalosporin | averon | cefalothin | cefalotin | cefalotina | cefalotine | cefalotin sodium | cefalotinum | cephalothin | cephalothin sodium | cephalothin sodium salt | cephalotin | cet | keflin | seffin | synclotin | toricelocin

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