Active Ingredient History

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Melatonin (5-methoxy N-acetyltryptamine) is a hormone synthesized and released from the pineal gland at night, which acts on specific high affinity G-protein coupled receptors to regulate various aspects of physiology and behaviour, including circadian and seasonal responses, and some retinal, cardiovascular and immunological functions. Melatonin is also made synthetically and available without a prescription as an over-the-counter (OTC) dietary supplement in the U.S. Melatonin supplementation has many uses, however, it has been widely studied for treatment of jet lag and sleep disorders. Parents may consider using melatonin to help their child who has a trouble falling asleep. A medical professional should always evaluate insomnia or other sleeping disorders in children. Additionally, melatonin has been shown to protect against oxidative stress in various, highly divergent experimental systems. There are many reasons for its remarkable protective potential. In mammals, melatonin binds to a number of receptor subtypes including high-affinity (MT1 and MT2) and low-affinity (MT3, nuclear orphan receptors) binding sites, which are distributed throughout the central nervous system and periphery.   NCATS

  • SMILES: COC1=CC2=C(NC=C2CCNC(C)=O)C=C1
  • InChIKey: DRLFMBDRBRZALE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • Mol. Mass: 232.2783
  • ALogP: 1.86
  • ChEMBL Molecule:
More Chemistry
5-methoxy-n-acetyltryptamine | circadin | general nutrit | health aid | heidadouppi | icenia | life ext | melapure | melatol | melatonin | melatonine | n-(2-(5-methoxy-1h-indol-3-yl)ethyl)acetamide | n-[2-(5-methoxyindol-3-yl)ethyl]acetamide | n-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine | natrol | nature's blend | natures bounty | quality health | s.gard | travelag | vespro | vytalonin

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