Simvastatin is a HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor that is FDA approved for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and for the reduction in the risk of cardiac heart disease mortality and cardiovascular events. It reduces levels of "bad" cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein, or LDL) and triglycerides in the blood, while increasing levels of "good" cholesterol (high-density lipoprotein, or HDL). Common adverse reactions include abdominal pain, constipation, nausea, headache, upper respiratory infection. Cases of myopathy/rhabdomyolysis have been observed with simvastatin co-administered with lipid-modifying doses ( ≥ 1 g/day niacin) of niacin-containing products. The risk of myopathy, including rhabdomyolysis, is increased by concomitant administration of amiodarone, dronedarone, ranolazine, or calcium channel blockers such as verapamil, diltiazem, or amlodipine. NCATS
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