Active Ingredient History

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Sorbitol is a polyhydric alcohol with about half the sweetness of sucrose. Sorbitol occurs naturally and is produced synthetically from glucose. It was formerly used as a diuretic and may still be used as a laxative and in irrigating solutions for some surgical procedures. Used as a non-stimulant laxative via an oral suspension or enema. Sorbitol exerts its laxative effect by drawing water into the large intestine, thereby stimulating bowel movements. Sorbitol plays a vital step in the 'polyol pathway'. The sudden injection of extra sorbitol can ruin the equilibrium of enzymes that regulate the conversion of glucose to fructose in a process associated with the onset of diabetes and its complications. Further, the polyol pathway is involved with a complex network of metabolic activities; disruption leads to a cascade of problems (citations here, here and here) such as mitochondrial failure, cell apoptosis (cell death), and DNA fragmentation. In general, sorbitol induces cell hyperosmotic stress resulting in phosphorylation (uptake of phosphorus into cell) — an important on/off switch regulating enzymes and signaling networks.   NCATS

  • SMILES: OC[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)CO
  • InChIKey: FBPFZTCFMRRESA-JGWLITMVSA-N
  • Mol. Mass: 182.1718
  • ALogP: -3.59
  • ChEMBL Molecule:
More Chemistry

Combination drugs

( mannitol, sorbitol )
d-glucitol | d-sorbit | d-sorbitol | d-(−)-sorbitol | e420 | glucarine | g-ol | l-gulitol | sorbitol | (-)-sorbitol | (−)-sorbitol

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