Pirfenidone is a synthetic antifibrotic agent indicated for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis as Esbriet. Pirfenidone inhibits fibroblast, epidermal, platelet-derived, and transforming beta-1 growth factors. It also inhibits DNA synthesis and the production of mRNA for collagen types I and III, resulting in a reduction in radiation-induced fibrosis. Pirfenidone has demonstrated activity in multiple fibrotic conditions however the exact mechanism of action of pirfenidone in the treatment of IPF has not been established. NCATS
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