Active Ingredient History

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Adapalene is a topical retinoid primarily used in the treatment of acne and is used (off-label) to treat keratosis pilaris as well as other skin conditions. Galderma currently markets it under the trade names Differin in some countries, and Adaferin in India. Adapalene acts on retinoid receptors. Biochemical and pharmacological profile studies have demonstrated that adapalene is a modulator of cellular differentiation, keratinization, and inflammatory processes all of which represent important features in the pathology of acne vulgaris. Mechanistically, adapalene binds to specific retinoic acid nuclear receptors but does not bind to the cytosolic receptor protein. Although the exact mode of action of adapalene is unknown, it is suggested that topical adapalene normalizes the differentiation of follicular epithelial cells resulting in decreased microcomedone formation.   NCATS

  • SMILES: COC1=C(C=C(C=C1)C2=CC=C3C=C(C=CC3=C2)C(O)=O)C45CC6CC(CC(C6)C4)C5
  • InChIKey: LZCDAPDGXCYOEH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • Mol. Mass: 412.5201
  • ALogP: 6.68
  • ChEMBL Molecule:
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Drug Pricing (per unit)

United States

$0.0002 - $677.3898
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Note: This drug pricing data is preliminary, incomplete, and may contain errors.

Combination drugs

( adapalene (differin), benzoyl peroxide (clearasil) - other names: epiduo forte, epiduo® forte gel )
6-(3-(1-adamantyl)-4-methoxyphenyl)-2-naphthoic acid | adaferin | adapalen | adapalene | adapalene mixture with benzoyl peroxide | adapaleno | adapalenum | cd0271 | cd-271 | differin | differine

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