Binimetinib (MEK162) is an oral small-molecule with potential antineoplastic activity. It is a selective mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 and 2 (MEK1/2) inhibitor, a key protein kinase in the RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK pathway, which regulates several key cellular activities including proliferation, differentiation, migration, survival and angiogenesis. Inappropriate activation of this pathway has been shown to occur in many cancers, in particular through mutations in BRAF, KRAS and NRAS. MEK162 at 6 mg/kg, BID combined with BEZ235 (dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor) resulted in a significant reduction of tumor growth in immunodeficient mice injected with MCF7 cells. There are three ongoing Phase 3 trials with binimetinib in advanced cancer patients: NEMO (NRAS-mutant melanoma), COLUMBUS (encorafenib in combination with binimetinib in BRAF-mutant melanoma) and BEACON CRC (encorafenib, binimetinib and cetuximab in BRAF-mutant colorectal cancer). NCATS
Drug Pricing (per unit)
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