Venlafaxine is an arylalkanolamine serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, which is sold under several brand names; one of them is venlafaxine hydrochloride. Venlafaxine hydrochloride is a venlafaxine extended release tablets, which are indicated for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). Efficacy of venlafaxine in MDD was shown in both short-term trials and a longer-term trial in MDD. A major depressive episode (DSM-IV) implies a prominent and relatively persistent depressed mood or the loss of interest or pleasure in nearly all activities, representing a change from previous functioning, and includes the presence of at least five of the following nine symptoms during the same two-week period. In addition, venlafaxine hydrochloride is indicated for the treatment of social anxiety (SAD), also known as social phobia. Social Anxiety Disorder (DSM-IV) is characterized by a marked and persistent fear of 1 or more social or performance situations in which others expose to unfamiliar people or to possible scrutiny the person. Exposure to the feared situation almost invariably provokes anxiety, which may approach the intensity of a panic attack. The feared situations are avoided or endured with intense anxiety or distress. The mechanism of the antidepressant action of venlafaxine in humans is believed to be associated with its potentiation of neurotransmitter activity in the CNS. Preclinical studies have shown that venlafaxine and its active metabolite, O-desmethylvenlafaxine (ODV), are potent inhibitors of neuronal serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake and weak inhibitors of dopamine reuptake. NCATS
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