Clindamycin phosphate is the prodrug of clindamycin with no antimicrobial activity in vitro but can be rapidly converted in vivo to the parent drug, clindamycin, by phosphatase ester hydrolysis. It is indicated in the treatment of serious infections caused by susceptible anaerobic bacteria: Lower respiratory tract infections including pneumonia, empyema, and lung abscess caused by anaerobes; Skin and skin structure infections; Gynecological infections including endometritis, nongonococcal tubo-ovarian abscess, pelvic cellulitis, and postsurgical vaginal cuff infection caused by susceptible anaerobes; Intra-abdominal infections; Septicemia; Bone and joint infections. Orally and parenterally administered clindamycin has been associated with severe colitis, which may end fatally. Abdominal pain, gastrointestinal disturbances, gram-negative folliculitis, eye pain and contact dermatitis have also been reported in association with the use of topical formulations of clindamycin. Clindamycin has been shown to have neuromuscular blocking properties that may enhance the action of other neuromuscular blocking agents NCATS
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