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3-Hydroxypentanoic acid, or beta-hydroxypentanoate, is a 5-carbon ketone body. It is made from odd carbon fatty acids in the liver and rapidly enters the brain. As opposed to 4-carbon ketone bodies, 3-hydroxypentanoic acid is anaplerotic, meaning it can refill the pool of TCA cycle intermediates. The triglyceride triheptanoin is used clinically to produce beta-hydroxypentanoate.   Wikipedia

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