Dacarbazine (DTIC), also known as imidazole carboxamide, is an antineoplastic agent, which is used in the treatment of metastatic malignant melanoma. In addition, this drug also is indicated for Hodgkin’s disease as a second-line therapy when used in combination with other effective agents. Dacarbazine works by methylating guanine at the O-6 and N-7 positions. Guanine is one of the four nucleotides that makes up DNA. The alkylated DNA strands stick together such that cell division becomes impossible. This affects cancer cells more than healthy cells because cancer cells divide faster. Dacarbazine is bioactivated in liver by demethylation to "MTIC" and then to diazomethane, which is an alkylating agent. Symptoms of anorexia, nausea, and vomiting are the most frequently noted of all toxic reactions. Over 90% of patients are affected with the initial few doses. NCATS
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